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Individualism, Methodological

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Methodological individualism is the methodological framework wherein individuals are seen as the agents of actions and values that form social phenomena.

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Communism

by Michael Chapman on Aug 15, 2008

Communism is the political system in which all aspects of life are planned by the state. Its presence has been devastating for millions of people.

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Collectivism

by Jeremy Shearmur on Aug 15, 2008

Collectivism advocates state control over the economy and civil society. Philosophically, collectivism resembles socialism and opposes individualism.

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Coke, Edward (1552-1634)

by Stephen M. Sheppard on Aug 15, 2008

Edward Coke was a prominent lawyer and author who promoted constitutionalism and rights-based justification of law and the powers of government.

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Judiciary

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Timothy Sandefur explains the origins and role of the American judiciary system.

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Dicey, Albert Venn (1835-1922)

by Stephen M. Sheppard on Aug 15, 2008

Albert Venn Dicey,a prominent British legal philosopher, established in his writings the basic principles for the rule of law under a legitimate constitution.

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Common Law

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

Common law describes the form of law used to resolve disputes between individuals where decisions are made based on intent, effects, and circumstances.

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Positive Liberty

by Tibor Machan on Aug 15, 2008

Positive liberty presents a case for liberty as the ability to succeed. Often, though, positive liberty can only be achieved by violating negative liberty.

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Nonaggression Axiom

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

The nonaggression axiom or principle mandates that individuals do not use physical force against others or their property, except for retaliation.

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Hume, David (1711-1776)

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

One of the chief philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume contributed a theory of government and morality loosely based on property and utility.

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Contractarianism/Social Contract

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

One common model of state formation, the social contract consists of the voluntary exchange of protection and rights between governments and citizens.

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Coase, Ronald H. (1910-2013)

by Douglas MacKenzie on Aug 15, 2008

The work of Ronald H. Coase, most famously the concept known as Coase’s theorem, has provided insight to law, economics, and how they intersect.

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Law and Economics

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

The “law and economics” approach, used by Coase, Posner, and others, combines the methods and principles of both law and economics scholarship.

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Say, Jean-Baptiste (1767-1832)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Jean-Baptiste Say was a French political economist whose work anticipated and popularized theories of wealth creation, entrepreneurship, and a free society.

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Ricardo, David (1772-1823)

by Mark Skousen on Aug 15, 2008

David Ricardo was an influential economist whose contributed both important free-market theories and dismal predictions about the value of labor.

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Economics, Keynesian

by Daniel B. Klein on Aug 15, 2008

Keynesian economists theorize that government spending can be used to manage the economy. It has been a widely accepted stance since the 1930s.

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Clark, Ed (1930-)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

The 1980 Libertarian party presidential candidate, Ed Clark is a public figure for the libertarian movement and played an important role in its popularization.

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Peace and Pacifism

by Robert Higgs on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Robert Higgs outlines public opinion of war throughout American history and the stances the government took to anti-war sentiment.