Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.
Slavery was once a ruthless and static institution in America. Abolishing the institution of slavery in the US was thus a crucial milestone of liberty.
In this entry, Stephen Davies traces the history of slavery, from common ancient practices to today’s world, where slavery is legally abolished everywhere.
Libertarians believe in sexual freedom, where consensual sex acts that pose no harm should not be prohibited by society or legislation.
Freedom of worship is an individual right and natural right that many people and groups have fought for throughout history.
John Adams, known as the 2nd US President, played a vital role in the American Revolution and contributed to the philosophy behind the US Constitution.
Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.
British Whigs were early supporters of constitutionalism and later continued to work for a platform of classical liberalism and republicanism.
Roy. A Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also made popular the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.
What the state should look like varies even among libertarians.
One of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League, Richard Cobden is considered an example of a liberal thinker with considerable success in changing British policy.
Antitrust legislation seeks to break up big companies and industry monopolies in order to keep markets competitive, but sometimes favors narrow interest groups.
Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.
The Scholastics, writing during the late Middle Ages, contributed notions of individual rights and trade that would influence many classical liberals.
Voluntarism argues that individuals should not be coerced into “socially beneficial” projects, but should act voluntarily to assist others.
With many private contract enforcement options in existence, libertarians now question whether government is needed to guarantee contracts are upheld.
Frederic Bastiat was a 19th century economist whose writings have been foundational to the individualism & free trade economics movements.
Wealth is born from production and meeting the demands of the market. As such, liberty encourages wealth, while government over-regulation may destroy it.