Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895)

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.


Slavery in America

by David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

Slavery was once a ruthless and static institution in America. Abolishing the institution of slavery in the US was thus a crucial milestone of liberty.


Slavery, World

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Stephen Davies traces the history of slavery, from common ancient practices to today’s world, where slavery is legally abolished everywhere.



by Wayne Dynes on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians believe in sexual freedom, where consensual sex acts that pose no harm should not be prohibited by society or legislation.


Religion and Liberty

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Freedom of worship is an individual right and natural right that many people and groups have fought for throughout history.


Adams, John (1735-1826)

by Michiel Visser on Aug 15, 2008

John Adams, known as the 2nd US President, played a vital role in the American Revolution and contributed to the philosophy behind the US Constitution.


Revolution, Right of

by Robert M. S. McDonald on Aug 15, 2008

Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.



by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

British Whigs were early supporters of constitutionalism and later continued to work for a platform of classical liberalism and republicanism.


Childs, Roy A. (1949-1992)

by Joan Kennedy Taylor on Aug 15, 2008

Roy. A Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also made popular the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.



by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

What the state should look like varies even among libertarians.


Cobden, Richard (1804-1865)

by John M. Brady on Aug 15, 2008

One of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League, Richard Cobden is considered an example of a liberal thinker with considerable success in changing British policy.



by Donald J. Boudreaux on Aug 15, 2008

Antitrust legislation seeks to break up big companies and industry monopolies in order to keep markets competitive, but sometimes favors narrow interest groups.


Natural Law

by Fred Miller on Aug 15, 2008

Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.


Scholastics/School of Salamanca

by Alejandro A. Chafuen on Aug 15, 2008

The Scholastics, writing during the late Middle Ages, contributed notions of individual rights and trade that would influence many classical liberals.



by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Voluntarism argues that individuals should not be coerced into “socially beneficial” projects, but should act voluntarily to assist others.


Voluntary Contract Enforcement

by Benjamin Powell and Edward P. Stringham on Aug 15, 2008

With many private contract enforcement options in existence, libertarians now question whether government is needed to guarantee contracts are upheld.


Bastiat, Frédéric (1801-1850)

by Guido Hülsmann on Aug 15, 2008

Frederic Bastiat was a 19th century economist whose writings have been foundational to the individualism & free trade economics movements.


Wealth and Poverty

by Dwight R. Lee on Aug 15, 2008

Wealth is born from production and meeting the demands of the market. As such, liberty encourages wealth, while government over-regulation may destroy it.