Madison discusses how a large, republican government can mitigate the effects of factions.
Yates (using the pseudonym “Brutus”) argues that the constitutional power to raise an army and borrow money will lead to an expansion of state power.
Madison attempts to allay concerns about the expansion of federal powers under the Constitution.
Alexander Hamilton explains the importance of the Senate’s “advise and consent” power, arguing for its necessity as a check on the executive branch.
Legislators pretend to be wise, but the legislative process is ill suited to producing wisdom.
Edmund Burke describes how the new rulers of France “despise experience as the wisdom of unlettered men.” From Reflections on the Revolution in France.
Burke writes in Reflections on the Revolution in France that good statecraft is the maintenance and refinement of inherited institutions
In Burke’s “Reflections on the Revolution in France,” he prefers the traditional rights of Englishmen over French revolutionaries’ “rights of man.”
Kant discusses his theory of the state, concluding, “Whatever a people cannot impose upon itself cannot be imposed upon it by the legislator either.”
Narrowly, we have property rights to things, but in the broader, more correct sense, all the rights we posses are property rights.
Wollstonecraft argues the case for women’s rights entirely in libertarian terms of equal and natural rights.
Condorcet was simultaneously one of the most significant Enlightenment thinkers, proto-libertarians, and philosophical historians of progress.
Our author covers barbarian hordes and pastoral-nomadism and we recall that the past is a place historians interpret into existence.
The invention of agriculture was certainly epochal and revolutionary, but writing dramatically sped up the course of progress.
Condorcet surveys the widely-distributed, decentralized, yet deeply interconnected ancient Greek ‘Republic of Letters.’
Condorcet believed secular sectarianism was the primary cause of ancient philosophy’s decline, but Christian dogmatism sure didn’t help.
Condorcet surveys the dismal feudal era, but highlights its greatest triumph—the libertarian moment when slavery disappeared across Europe.
While Renaissance artists and intellectuals rediscovered, revived, and revered, tinkering inventors drove progress into its next epochal period.