History’s first great philosopher wasn’t a fan of educational freedom.
George H. Smith discusses how the educational system of Sparta influenced later advocates of state education.
Doherty combines a short biography of the mother of Objectivism with an analysis of the intellectual impact of her published works.
In the Americas, two centuries after Locke, his system found its most devoted allies and it’s most deadly opponents.
Locke explores the nature of sovereignty as part of his attack on Filmer.
Woodbury argues that the Dorr “War” presented no real threat to the Charter government and their declaration of martial law was made in error.
Horton was a clear example of black Americans’ “nation within a nation,” contributing to wider American life while retaining unique experience.
Though the Old South’s feudal institutions treated slaves as mere property, they lived in and helped create a rapidly modernizing world.
Ingersoll tries to revive the Second Party System’s spirit of compromise—one marked by wilful ignorance of slavery, its horrors, and its legacy.
Ingersoll defends the traditional existence of secession throughout American history, but ultimately condemns it as inadvisable and rash.
“Copperhead” Democrat Charles Jared Ingersoll argues that both warring sections should embrace a large measure of compromise and conciliation.
After Bacon’s Rebellion, Virginia’s lawmaking elite institutionalized race—a counter-revolutionary tool to prevent combinations of black and white.
Thomas Mathew of Cherry Point, Virginia describes “three Prodigies” foreshadowing a revolutionary conflict with dark, disturbing outcomes.
“Imperial School” historian Charles Andrews provided later generations with invaluable collections of colonial documents.
Ingersoll chastises fanatics on either side of the Mason-Dixon: the fanatical, imperial Northerner and the paranoid, prideful Southerner.
In Restoration-era Virginia, exiled Parliamentarians, New Model Army veterans, radical Dissenters, and African slaves joined powers to revolutionize their colony.
Levi Hart defines and describes the most essential types of liberty—a necessary precursor to his later attacks on all things slavery.
Rhode Island’s Quaker deputy-governor desperately seeks peace while Puritan expansionists see only opportunity.