After Bacon’s Rebellion, Virginia’s lawmaking elite institutionalized race—a counter-revolutionary tool to prevent combinations of black and white.
Thomas Mathew of Cherry Point, Virginia describes “three Prodigies” foreshadowing a revolutionary conflict with dark, disturbing outcomes.
“Imperial School” historian Charles Andrews provided later generations with invaluable collections of colonial documents.
Voltairine De Cleyre reappraises the legacy of the American Revolution through an individualist anarchist lens.
“There are no ‘Liberators’ to-day, and the William Lloyd Garrisons have nearly all of them gone the way of all the world.”
Ingersoll tries to revive the Second Party System’s spirit of compromise—one marked by wilful ignorance of slavery, its horrors, and its legacy.
Ingersoll defends the traditional existence of secession throughout American history, but ultimately condemns it as inadvisable and rash.
“Copperhead” Democrat Charles Jared Ingersoll argues that both warring sections should embrace a large measure of compromise and conciliation.
Fearing for his country’s existence, Ingersoll chastises northern warmongers, their thoughtless voters, and reckless activists.
Channeling the spirit of Union Col. E. D. Baker, Frances Whipple became one of the earliest prominent voices for abolition in California politics.
Melville’s short story echoes his generation of artists’ widespread fears for America’s future. Without sufficient individual virtue, could polite society survive?
In our final portion from “Bartleby,” we probe Melville’s relationship to Young America and Bartleby’s relationship to our modern world.
Frederick Douglass argues that slavery “destroys the central principle of human responsibility” and violates the Constitution in three short essays.
After defining his terms, our author shifts to a full explanation of slavery’s sinful violations of Christian precepts.
Rather than ride the wave of romantic, nationalistic Young Americanism, Rogers wanted to build a culture of abolitionism.
Our study begins with a frank discussion of slavery, its impact on American life, and the constitutionality question.
In his “Speech on the Oregon Question,” New York Representative Charles Goodyear stood for a small republic in the face of continental imperialism.
If Old South slavery was so awful, how did it produce poet George Moses Horton?—Through his life and verse, we seek out an answer.