In 1849, the US Supreme Court decided that might makes right—The only legitimate institutions are those with enough power to defend themselves.
Rounding out his history of the Early Modern period, Condorcet explains the linkages between philosophy and politics on both ends of the Atlantic.
Horton was a clear example of black Americans’ “nation within a nation,” contributing to wider American life while retaining unique experience.
Though the Old South’s feudal institutions treated slaves as mere property, they lived in and helped create a rapidly modernizing world.
During the English Civil Wars, it seemed to many that the Earth’s “Great Ones” were busily destroying themselves—so the Diggers seized their moment.
When the Diggers occupied St. George’s Hill, they stood on generations of leveller history protesting aristocratic enclosures of common lands.
For our author, the print revolution ushered in both an unstoppable flood of progress and the massive, abosolute, bureaucratic central state.
Whether rationalists or empiricists, the first modern philosophers gave us all good reasons to doubt the dictates of either kings or priests.
No mere whig historian, Condorcet recognized that alongside wonderful, liberty-maximizing inventions like printing came modern states and global slavery.
Tucker’s final topics: anti-liberty laborers, alpaca entrepreneurship, harsh words for Walt Whitman and his Kaiser, and resolutions in memory of Spooner.
Reflecting on the death of Karl Marx, Tucker proclaims his high regard for Marx-as-Egalitarian…and his disgust for Marx-as-Authoritarian.
Tucker blasts notions that immigrants come bearing crime and socialism, argues for atheism, and heaps praise on Auberon Herbert.
Reacting to the deadly fiasco at Homestead, Pennsylvania, Tucker renews his alliance with labor in the face of industrialized corporate-capitalism.
Despite his initial reactions, Tucker settles in to sympathize with the “martyrs” convicted of and executed for the Haymarket Square bombing.
After surveying a string of possible arsons (by communists, for insurance fraud) and the Haymarket Square bombing, Tucker advises against all violence.
Tucker advised anarchists to stay away from both ballot boxes and cartridge boxes. Using force only ever causes more trouble and weakens liberty.
From withdrawing every sort of tax revenue to trans-Atlantic reform associations, Tucker argues that ‘passive resistance’ can kill the state.
Despite two decades (and more) of conservative suppression, radical Quakerism lived on over the ages thanks to pamphlets like Nayler’s.