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Luther v. Borden: Republicanism on Trial

by United States Supreme Court in 1849

In 1849, the US Supreme Court decided that might makes right—The only legitimate institutions are those with enough power to defend themselves.

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Modern Philosophy, Modern Liberty

by Condorcet in 1795

Rounding out his history of the Early Modern period, Condorcet explains the linkages between philosophy and politics on both ends of the Atlantic.

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The Rise of Modern States

by Condorcet in 1795

For our author, the print revolution ushered in both an unstoppable flood of progress and the massive, abosolute, bureaucratic central state.

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Modernizing Philosophy

by Condorcet in 1795

Whether rationalists or empiricists, the first modern philosophers gave us all good reasons to doubt the dictates of either kings or priests.

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The Print Revolution

by Condorcet in 1795

No mere whig historian, Condorcet recognized that alongside wonderful, liberty-maximizing inventions like printing came modern states and global slavery.

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After Nestor: Karl Marx as Friend and Foe

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Reflecting on the death of Karl Marx, Tucker proclaims his high regard for Marx-as-Egalitarian…and his disgust for Marx-as-Authoritarian.

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After Nestor: Immigrants Love Liberty

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Tucker blasts notions that immigrants come bearing crime and socialism, argues for atheism, and heaps praise on Auberon Herbert.

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After Nestor: The Pittsburgh Forge-Master

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Reacting to the deadly fiasco at Homestead, Pennsylvania, Tucker renews his alliance with labor in the face of industrialized corporate-capitalism.

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After Nestor: The Chicago Martyrs

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Despite his initial reactions, Tucker settles in to sympathize with the “martyrs” convicted of and executed for the Haymarket Square bombing.

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After Nestor: The Mother of Violence

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

After surveying a string of possible arsons (by communists, for insurance fraud) and the Haymarket Square bombing, Tucker advises against all violence.

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After Nestor: Fetishizing Ballots & Bombs

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Tucker advised anarchists to stay away from both ballot boxes and cartridge boxes. Using force only ever causes more trouble and weakens liberty.

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After Nestor: Making Anarchy Happen

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

From withdrawing every sort of tax revenue to trans-Atlantic reform associations, Tucker argues that ‘passive resistance’ can kill the state.

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The Lamb’s War: A Lamb’s Armor

by James Nayler in 1657

Despite two decades (and more) of conservative suppression, radical Quakerism lived on over the ages thanks to pamphlets like Nayler’s.