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The Highs and Lows of Enlightenment

by Condorcet in 1795

Like many of us, Condorcet got a bit carried away with praise for the Enlightenment. Unlike many of us, he tempered it with a dose of realism.

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Luther v. Borden: America, R.I.P.

by United States Supreme Court in 1849

Justice Woodbury concludes his dissent by arguing that the states cannot usurp Congress’s power to declare war in order to prevent political change.

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Luther v. Borden: Limiting Martial Law

by United States Supreme Court in 1849

Woodbury argues that the Dorr “War” presented no real threat to the Charter government and their declaration of martial law was made in error.

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Luther v. Borden: Political Questions

by United States Supreme Court in 1849

In his dissent from Taney’s opinion, Justice Woodbury began by agreeing that the Dorr War was a political matter best left out of the courts.

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Luther v. Borden: Republicanism on Trial

by United States Supreme Court in 1849

In 1849, the US Supreme Court decided that might makes right—The only legitimate institutions are those with enough power to defend themselves.

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Modern Philosophy, Modern Liberty

by Condorcet in 1795

Rounding out his history of the Early Modern period, Condorcet explains the linkages between philosophy and politics on both ends of the Atlantic.

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The Rise of Modern States

by Condorcet in 1795

For our author, the print revolution ushered in both an unstoppable flood of progress and the massive, abosolute, bureaucratic central state.

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Modernizing Philosophy

by Condorcet in 1795

Whether rationalists or empiricists, the first modern philosophers gave us all good reasons to doubt the dictates of either kings or priests.

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The Print Revolution

by Condorcet in 1795

No mere whig historian, Condorcet recognized that alongside wonderful, liberty-maximizing inventions like printing came modern states and global slavery.

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After Nestor: Karl Marx as Friend and Foe

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Reflecting on the death of Karl Marx, Tucker proclaims his high regard for Marx-as-Egalitarian…and his disgust for Marx-as-Authoritarian.

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After Nestor: Immigrants Love Liberty

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Tucker blasts notions that immigrants come bearing crime and socialism, argues for atheism, and heaps praise on Auberon Herbert.

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After Nestor: The Pittsburgh Forge-Master

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Reacting to the deadly fiasco at Homestead, Pennsylvania, Tucker renews his alliance with labor in the face of industrialized corporate-capitalism.

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After Nestor: The Chicago Martyrs

by Benjamin Tucker in 1897

Despite his initial reactions, Tucker settles in to sympathize with the “martyrs” convicted of and executed for the Haymarket Square bombing.