Smith discusses some controversies over slavery during the framing of the Constitution, especially the three-fifths clause.
Ingersoll tries to revive the Second Party System’s spirit of compromise—one marked by wilful ignorance of slavery, its horrors, and its legacy.
Smith discusses some major controversies provoked by the debate over ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
Ingersoll defends the traditional existence of secession throughout American history, but ultimately condemns it as inadvisable and rash.
“Copperhead” Democrat Charles Jared Ingersoll argues that both warring sections should embrace a large measure of compromise and conciliation.
Fearing for his country’s existence, Ingersoll chastises northern warmongers, their thoughtless voters, and reckless activists.
After Bacon’s Rebellion, Virginia’s lawmaking elite institutionalized race—a counter-revolutionary tool to prevent combinations of black and white.
Thomas Mathew of Cherry Point, Virginia describes “three Prodigies” foreshadowing a revolutionary conflict with dark, disturbing outcomes.
“Imperial School” historian Charles Andrews provided later generations with invaluable collections of colonial documents.
Smith discusses some early justifications of slavery and how they repudiated natural rights.
In Restoration-era Virginia, exiled Parliamentarians, New Model Army veterans, radical Dissenters, and African slaves joined powers to revolutionize their colony.
Term limits played a crucial role in early US state governments. While a standard for executives, term limits are still debated for members of Congress.
The right to bear arms, though vaguely written and often debated, is a Constitutional guarantee that protects the right for self-protection.
Bacon’s Rebellion was a bizarre and violent event with few truly heroic figures on either side.
Mason was a Virginian statesman who decried the centralization of government authority and was one of the major supporters of a written Bill of Rights.
Our study begins with a frank discussion of slavery, its impact on American life, and the constitutionality question.
The Constitution stipulates that “no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.”
Religious toleration took different paths in different parts of colonial America.