Throughout history, church and state have become increasingly separate as institutions. Most Libertarians favor this shift as it weakens state authority.
Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.
The content and necessity of the first 10 Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, first debated by Federalists and Anti-Federalists, remains relevant today.
James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.
One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.
As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.
The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.
One of the leading economists of the last century, James M. Buchanan was one of the founders of the public choice theory of economics.
Tullock contributed to the start of the public choice school of economics and countered status-quo arguments about the role of government in the market.
In light of the eugenics movement of the early-to-mid 20th century, genetics is often a dangerous topic in today’s scientific discourse.
Liberty has been a value to many civilizations. In this entry, Roderick Long highlights a few instances of liberal ideas in pre-modern societies.
Constitutionalism binds the government to a pre-decided set of rules and is favored as a form of limiting government expansion.
Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.
As the first president of the United States, George Washington set the standard for peaceful republicanism and responsible divided leadership.
Thomas Jefferson, the main author of the Declaration of Independence, contributed some of the most important ideas to early US political theory.
The Declaration of Independence is considered an establishing document of America and the place where the country’s values were initially written out.
Abolitionism was the 19th century anti-slavery movement promoting equal civil and political rights for African Americans and the rejection of slavery.
Lysander Spooner was a legal and political theorist favoring individualist anarchy. He is best known for his activism as an abolitionist.