Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.


Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel on Aug 15, 2008

One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.


Madison, James (1750-1836)

by Michael Zuckert on Aug 15, 2008

James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.


Bill of Rights, US

by Randy E. Barnett on Aug 15, 2008

The content and necessity of the first 10 Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, first debated by Federalists and Anti-Federalists, remains relevant today.


Freedom of Speech

by Alan Charles Kors on Aug 15, 2008

Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.


Separation of Church and State

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Throughout history, church and state have become increasingly separate as institutions. Most Libertarians favor this shift as it weakens state authority.


Nock, Albert Jay (1870-1945)

by Charles Hamilton on Aug 15, 2008

Albert Jay Nock was an influential writer who criticized political action and protested state interventionism at all levels.



by Gabriel Roth on Aug 15, 2008

On transportation, libertarians suggest that instead of providing mediocre services, governments set guidelines and encourage private solutions.


Urban Planning

by Mark Pennington on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians support competition-based private planning of urban areas, rather than solutions that hinge on the government controlling property.


Civil Society

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Civil Society refers to the interests, discussions, and institutions used by a society that form without government force by the choices of individuals.


MacBride, Roger Lea (1929-1995)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

With his electoral vote in 1972 and presidential campaign in 1976, Roger Lea MacBride expanded the influence of the Libertarian Party. 


Hess, Karl (1923-1994)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

An activist and author involved in both the conservative and libertarian movements, Hess opposed taxation and promoted neighborhood self-sufficiency.


Pursuit of Happiness

by Hans Eicholz on Aug 15, 2008

The Declaration of Independence famously spoke of right to “the pursuit of happiness,” a phrase that has been questioned as to its extent and meaning.


New Deal

by Robert Whaples on Aug 15, 2008

The New Deal was a series of government programs aimed at those hurt by the Great Depression, which majorly expanded the size and expense of government.


Progressive Era

by Richard Adelstein on Aug 15, 2008

The Progressive Era of the early 20th century brought a new wave of socio-economic reform that fueled a much more interventionist government.


War Powers

by Gene Healy on Aug 15, 2008

The dangers of war make it necessary to prevent hasty entry to war. It should be worrying, therefore, that controls on executive war-making have waned.


Nathan, Tonie (1923-2014)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Tonie Nathan was the running mate of 1976 Libertarian presidential candidate John Hospers and the first woman to receive an electoral vote.


Hospers, John (1918-2011)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

The first presidential candidate of the Libertarian party, John Hospers played an important role in organizing libertarians for political action.