“The Separatists, envying the prosperity and hope of [Merrymount]…conspired together against mine Host…accounting of him as of a great Monster.”
Hydra prognosticks ruin to our state | And that our Kingdom will grow desolate; | But if one head thence be taken away | The Body and the members will decay.
Morton tells the Puritans “that they would [in due time] repent those malicious practices, and so would he too; for he was a Separatist amongst the Separatists.”
Overton was one of the Levellers who, during the English Civil War, were among the very first to articulate the early ideas of liberalism.
Camped between two epochs in English history and two factions in a civil war, the New Model Army debates republicanism, slavery, and freedom.
Cromwell and his proxies urge unity of purpose, unity of action, and constant movement forward. Conspiracies flourish in streams of constant activity.
Against the levelling impulse in the New Model Army, General Ireton argues that only those with fixed local interests should exercise political power.
True to their radicalism, the Levellers get to the root of it all: The great land claims defied God’s commandment “Thou shalt not steal.”
In our final number from Putney, contenders clash over whether powerful elites or common people are the more likely tyrants.
Keep watch!, O Englanders great and small!—Tyranipocrit roams the land! With help from our anonymous author, may we discover his wiles.
Our author pursues historical examples of when the Devil married his daughter, Hypocrisy, to “his great friend Tyranny.”
On the extremest margins of radical thought, our author argues that even antinomians subject themselves to the worldly rule of “faith alone.”
“Anonymous”—perhaps Leveller William Walwyn—presents a sort of class theory, wherein “white devil” rulers exploit average “black devil” sinners.
Our author considers the marriage of Tyranny and Hypocrisy as a literal event—for us, it is the metaphorical beginning of institutional violence.
Though God may save all souls in the ultimate judgment, hellish history is no divine command: it is the result of freely made human choices.
When the Diggers occupied St. George’s Hill, they stood on generations of leveller history protesting aristocratic enclosures of common lands.
During the English Civil Wars, it seemed to many that the Earth’s “Great Ones” were busily destroying themselves—so the Diggers seized their moment.
Gerard Winstanley and the Diggers took direct action to reclaim the commons and level the rights, powers, and privileges unjustly granted to a few aristocrats.