Adam Smith explores the benefits of Free Trade.
Adam Smith argues that religious liberty tempers the nefarious effects of fanaticism and allows for rational moderation to prevail in religious societies.
Social order is often the unintended consequence of many people’s actions, rather than the intentional design of one person.
The Hartford Wits were Federalists, but their arguments against democracy may ring familiar to modern libertarians.
Old Anarch, master of chaos, marshalls his forces and rallies them for battle against Hesper, Nymph of the West.
The Wits foretell the end of Shays-ism as they look forward to the impending Constitutional Convention.
Our series climaxes with Hesper’s victory over the Anarch, published just as the Philadelphia Convention began.
Federalists didn’t respect Democrats; Democrats hated Federalists. Libertarians know neither can be trusted with power.
Anti-federalist Robert Yates (under the pseudonym Brutus) argues against the constitution, foreseeing many of the expansions of federal power that came to pass.
James Winthrop, writing under the pseudonym Agrippa, argues against the Constitution, suggesting ratification will lead inevitably to the abuse of federal power.
Madison discusses how a large, republican government can mitigate the effects of factions.
Yates (writing under the pseudonym “Brutus”) argues that the constitutional power to raise an army and borrow money will lead to an expansion of state power.
Alexander Hamilton explains the importance of the Senate’s “advise and consent” power, arguing for its necessity as a check on the executive branch.
Legislators pretend to be wise, but the legislative process is ill suited to producing wisdom.
Edmund Burke describes how the new rulers of France “despise experience as the wisdom of unlettered men.” From Reflections on the Revolution in France.
Burke writes in this excerpt from Reflections on the Revolution in France that good statecraft is the maintenance and refinement of inherited institutions
In this excerpt from “Reflections on the Revolution in France,” Burke prefers the traditional rights of Englishmen to the French revolutionaries’ “rights of man.”
Kant discusses his theory of the state, concluding, “Whatever a people cannot impose upon itself cannot be imposed upon it by the legislator either.”