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The Division of Labor

by Adam Smith in 1776

Smith explores the significance of the division of labor using his example of the pin factory where specialization lets the employees increase their production.

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Free Trade

by Adam Smith in 1776

Adam Smith explores the benefits of Free Trade.

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The Effects of Liberty on Religion

by Adam Smith in 1776

Adam Smith argues that religious liberty tempers the nefarious effects of fanaticism and allows for rational moderation to prevail in religious societies.

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Anarchiad, A New England Poem: Part 1

by Various Authors on Oct 26, 1786

The Hartford Wits were Federalists, but their arguments against democracy may ring familiar to modern libertarians.

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Anarchiad, a New England Poem: Part 2

by Various Authors on Jan 11, 1787

Old Anarch, master of chaos, marshalls his forces and rallies them for battle against Hesper, Nymph of the West.

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Anarchiad, a New England Poem: Part 3

by Various Authors March/April 1787

The Wits foretell the end of Shays-ism as they look forward to the impending Constitutional Convention.

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Anarchiad, a New England Poem: Part 4

by Various Authors on May 24, 1787

Our series climaxes with Hesper’s victory over the Anarch, published just as the Philadelphia Convention began.

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Anarchiad, a New England Poem: Part 5

by Various Authors on Sep 13, 1787

Federalists didn’t respect Democrats; Democrats hated Federalists. Libertarians know neither can be trusted with power.

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Brutus’ Anti-Federalist No. 1

by Robert Yates in 1787

Anti-federalist Robert Yates (under the pseudonym Brutus) argues against the constitution, foreseeing many of the expansions of federal power that came to pass.

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Agrippa’s Anti-Federalist No. 1

by James Winthrop in 1787

James Winthrop, writing under the pseudonym Agrippa, argues against the Constitution, suggesting ratification will lead inevitably to the abuse of federal power.

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The Federalist No. 10

by James Madison in 1787

Madison discusses how a large, republican government can mitigate the effects of factions.

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Brutus’ Anti-Federalist No. 8

by Robert Yates in 1788

Yates (writing under the pseudonym “Brutus”) argues that the constitutional power to raise an army and borrow money will lead to an expansion of state power.

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The Federalist No. 76

by Alexander Hamilton in 1788

Alexander Hamilton explains the importance of the Senate’s “advise and consent” power, arguing for its necessity as a check on the executive branch.

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Against the Men of Theory

by Edmund Burke in 1790

Edmund Burke describes how the new rulers of France “despise experience as the wisdom of unlettered men.” From Reflections on the Revolution in France.