Explore

essays

The Highs and Lows of Enlightenment

by Condorcet in 1795

Like many of us, Condorcet got a bit carried away with praise for the Enlightenment. Unlike many of us, he tempered it with a dose of realism.

essays

The Unlimited Tenth Epoch

by Condorcet in 1795

Though our author wrote in hiding from a terroristic regime, his saw unlimited potential for human accomplishment.

essays

Progress, Guaranteed

by Condorcet in 1795

Condorcet ends his greatest work with the confident assertion that progress cannot be stopped.

essays

Agrarian Justice: Excerpt

by Thomas Paine in 1797

In this excerpt from Agrarian Justice, Thomas Paine argues for using land taxes to fund what we would today call a universal basic income.

essays

The Influence of America on the Mind, Part II

by Charles Jared Ingersoll on Oct 18, 1823

Ingersoll moves to discuss the American contributions to practical life in an era when great efficiency yielded greater power and influence.

essays

The Influence of America on the Mind, Part III

by Charles Jared Ingersoll on Oct 18, 1823

Ingersoll concludes by examining religious liberty in America. He goes so far as to single out Catholics for their enormous contributions to American life.

essays

The Influence of America on the Mind, Part I

by Charles Jared Ingersoll on Oct 18, 1823

Presaging the Young Americans a generation later, Ingersoll argues that an exceptional degree of liberty can produce exceptional contributions to civilization.

essays

A Diversity of Orders: Guizot’s Second Lecture

by Francois Guizot in 1828

“In modern Europe the diversity of the elements of social order, the incapability of any one to exclude the rest, gave birth to the liberty which now prevails.”