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essays

Individualism vs. Peasant-feudalism

by Alan MacFarlane on Mar 1, 1979

“[13th] English society…was…an individualistic, mobile, and capitalist market society.”

essays

The Levelers: Libertarian Revolutionaries

by Nicholas Elliott on May 1, 1989

In this essay, Nicholas Elliott examines the libertarian ideology of the Glorious Revolution’s so-called “Levelers.”

essays

The Levellers: Libertarian Revolutionaries

by Nicholas Elliott on May 1, 1989

The Levellers were the earliest liberals; they advocated for common law, legal equality, and government’s necessity to have the consent of the governed.