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Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam and worked most of his life as a lens grinder. His family was of Portuguese Jewish decent. Spinoza’s most important work, Ethics, was published posthumously in 1677.

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Dutch Republic

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

One example of a prosperous and relatively free society, the Dutch Republic was a major world power between the 16th and 18th centuries.

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Natural Law

by Fred Miller on Aug 15, 2008

Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.

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Freedom of Speech

by Alan Charles Kors on Aug 15, 2008

Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.

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Separation of Church and State

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Throughout history, church and state have become increasingly separate as institutions. Libertarians tend to favor this shift, as it discourages state authority.

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Limited Government

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.

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A History of Libertarianism

by David Boaz on Jan 15, 1997

In this excerpt from Libertarianism: A Primer, Boaz tells the history of the movement for liberty, from Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu through the 20th century.