Ludwig von Mises founded the modern Austrian School of economics, and wrote the sweeping, authoritative treatise Human Action.
Albert Jay Nock, author, aesthete, and social critic, was an advocate of liberty in a collectivist age.
Daniel O’Connell was a lawyer, a peerless orator, and Ireland’s prominent political leader in the first half of the 19th century.
Agitator and pamphleteer par excellence, Thomas Paine was involved in both the American and French Revolutions.
A prolific author and Austrian economist, Murray Rothbard promoted a form of free market anarchism he called “anarcho-capitalism.”
Algernon Sidney was a 17th century English politician and philosopher who defied monarchism and was ultimately executed for his criticism of the English crown.
Herbert Spencer was a 19th century philosopher, sociologist, and biologist and a prominent advocate for laissez-faire policies.
Lysander Spooner was an American legal theorist, abolitionist, and anarchist.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an important organizer and writer in the American women’s rights movement.
Alexis de Toqueville was an important theorist of democratic society. He is best known as the author of Democracy in America.
Born a slave, Booker T. Washington went on to found Tuskegee University, and raised money for many other black schools and colleges.
Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island and was an important advocate of freedom of religion.
Samuel Adams was an important popular agitator and organizer during the American Revolution.
Founding father, scientist, businessman, diplomat—Franklin was America’s original “self-made man.”
Ayn Rand was one of the three “founding mothers” of modern libertarianism. She is best known as the author of Atlas Shrugged and other novels.