17th-century pamphleteer, organizer, and dissident John Lilburne was an important early voice for liberty, especially in matters of criminal justice.
In this essay, Nicholas Elliott examines the libertarian ideology of the Glorious Revolution’s so-called “Levelers.”
By trolling the English Court, John Lilburne helped reestablish all sorts of fundamental rights to the English legal tradition.
Powell examines the expansion of liberty in western culture and covers the history of free thinkers from Cicero to Ayn Rand.
A libertarian focus on equality mostly focuses on the notion of equal rights and justice systems must operate in a way that maintains these rights.
Puritans were Protestant Christians in England and Scotland who fought for reform of the church against Anglican opposition and backlash.
Smith explains an important controversy about when the Two Treatises was written, and the possible influence of the Levellers on Locke.
In this entry, Ronald Hamowy overviews the English Civil Wars of the mid 17th century and the raised issues of royal authority and religious liberty.
The Levellers was a loosely organized group of radicals who fought both the rule of the English monarchy and Cromwell’s commonwealth during the English Civil War.
Smith examines and criticizes Richard Ashcraft’s arguments that Locke was significantly influenced by the Levellers.
Edward Coke was a great English jurist, scholar, and reformer. He opposed absolute monarchy and promoted the common law.
Liberalism and republicanism together made for a stronger worldview.