Lao-Tzu urges that the people be largely left alone; if they are not harassed by the state, they can manage their own affairs well enough.
Lao Tzu’s anticipatory work argued that a harmonious and prosperous society was one in which people could make their own economic and personal decisions.
Without the state’s incredible, Heaven-mandated, virtually godlike concentrated power, “Who would build the roads?”
Roderick T. Long joins us to talk about libertarian themes in Chinese philosophy. How much do libertarianism and early Confucianism have in common?
“Hayek…weave[d] together the legal, historical, political, and economic dimensions of the freedoms implied in a spontaneous-order social science methodology.”
An Introduction to Libertarianism.org.
Liberty has been a value to many civilizations. In this entry, Roderick Long highlights a few instances of liberal ideas in pre-modern societies.
A guide to books on the history of liberty and libertarianism.
A selection of books to take readers beyond the basics of libertarianism and into the philosophy and economics that provide its foundations.
In this excerpt from Libertarianism: A Primer, Boaz tells the history of the movement for liberty, from Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu through the 20th century.
Powell examines the expansion of liberty in western culture and covers the history of free thinkers from Cicero to Ayn Rand.
A prolific author and Austrian economist, Murray Rothbard promoted a form of free market anarchism he called “anarcho-capitalism.”
The principles of liberty are not culturally bound.
Literature of Liberty’s attempt to produce a full bibliography of works by, about, and relevant to Friedrich Hayek.