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Robert Nozick

Philosopher Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia, published in 1974, cemented libertarianism’s place among the political philosophies taken seriously in academia. In it, Nozick defended the “minimal state”—what latter came to be called minarchism—and showed how it could become a “framework for utopias.”

But Nozick’s interests weren’t limited to political theory. He turned his remarkable mind to nearly every branch of philosophy in such wide-ranging works as Philosophical Explanations, The Examined Life, and Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World.

encyclopedia

Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804)

by Ralf Bader on Aug 15, 2008

Immanuel Kant provided a systematic treatise of morality that, among other things, relied on reason, noninterference both of government and individuals, and peace.

encyclopedia

Individual Rights

by Eric Mack on Aug 15, 2008

Individual rights function as guarantees of protection and entitlement to a morally granted domain, principally that of self-ownership and choice.

essays

A Kantian Case for Libertarianism

by Jason Kuznicki on Jan 3, 2017

The ethical system of Immanuel Kant, properly understood, justifies libertarian political institutions.

columns

Minarchists and Anarchists in Libertarian History

by David S. D’Amato on Nov 27, 2018

Minarchists and anarchists—i.e. champions of the night-watchman state and opponents of any state—aren’t as clearly distinguishable as one might think.

encyclopedia

Rights, Natural

by Fred Miller on Aug 15, 2008

Natural rights are the basic rights held by all individuals by merits of being human; i.e., those rights that exist pre-government and may not be violated.

essays

The Return of Big Government

by David Boaz on Jan 1, 2009

Boaz refutes the notion that it was libertarian laissez-faire policies that created the problems that have arisen in our society.

columns

The Poverty of Natural Rights Libertarianism

by Brink Lindsey on May 4, 2017

Natural rights underdetermine a society’s legal institutions and leave the door open for a much larger state than minarchists or anarchists want.

essays

Bourgeois Virtues?

by Deirdre McCloskey on May 18, 2006

McCloskey examines the dual myths of the innate virtues and the innate evil of capitalism.

columns

On Libertarian Socialism

by David S. D’Amato on Nov 27, 2018

D’Amato explores the idea of libertarian socialism by analyzing the history of individualist anarchism and “voluntary socialism.”

essays

The Business Community: Resisting Regulation

by Charles Koch on Jul 1, 1978

“In sum, the Party transforms libertarianism from purely a political philosophy to a movement, to a force for radical social change.”

essays

The Literature of Liberty

by Tom G. Palmer on Feb 4, 1998

Tom G. Palmer provides a comprehensive overview of the vast literature on libertarianism, free market economics, and the philosophy of liberty.