Locke wanted to prove that the world is not a mere amalgam of violence and arbitrary authority and that there is something that separates a legitimate from an illegitimate government.
Philosopher Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia, published in 1974, cemented libertarianism’s place among the political philosophies taken seriously in academia. In it, Nozick defended the “minimal state”—what latter came to be called minarchism—and showed how it could become a “framework for utopias.”
But Nozick’s interests weren’t limited to political theory. He turned his remarkable mind to nearly every branch of philosophy in such wide-ranging works as Philosophical Explanations, The Examined Life, and Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World.
Hazony’s views about the role of individuals and the nature of ethics mean that nations of any type are permitted to wage unjust war and impose sweeping domestic oppression. This nationalism should not guide our thinking today.
The fundamentals of the theory of liberty.
Eric Mack joins our show again to talk about common objections to libertarianism by dissecting John Rawls viewpoint.
George H. Smith discusses Robert Nozick’s criticisms of Locke’s property theory.
Steiner’s book, writes Palmer, is a modern classic that corrects an intellectual wrong turn in people’s thinking about rights.
Though they don’t think there’s anything wrong with unequal wealth distribution per se, libertarians can and do criticize the unjust processes that can lead to inequality.
Individual rights function as guarantees of protection and entitlement to a morally granted domain, principally that of self-ownership and choice.
Immanuel Kant provided a systematic treatise of morality that, among other things, relied on reason, noninterference both of government and individuals, and peace.
Edward C. Feser outlines some common arguments conservatives raise against libertarians and how those criticisms have affected both movements.
John Rawls was a political theorist who revived interest in the field. His work can be interpreted in support of some free-market ideas.
Natural rights are an essential part of the liberal tradition.
The nonaggression axiom or principle mandates that individuals do not use physical force against others or their property, except for retaliation.
Also known as the death penalty, capital punishment has divided libertarians over the power of government and the justice of criminal procedures.
Natural rights are the basic rights held by all individuals by merits of being human; i.e., those rights that exist pre-government and may not be violated.
Libertarians believe that laissez-faire policy, or the freest form of economy, provides the greatest net benefit to individuals and to society.
Voluntarism argues that individuals should not be coerced into “socially beneficial” projects, but should act voluntarily to assist others.