The Glorious Revolution brought Mary II and William III of Orange to the English throne and soothed the religious and political conflict of the English Civil Wars.
Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.
In this entry, Ronald Hamowy overviews the English Civil Wars of the mid 17th century and the raised issues of royal authority and religious liberty.
The Declaration of Independence famously spoke of right to “the pursuit of happiness,” a phrase that has been questioned as to its extent and meaning.
Adam Smith is credited as one of the most important theorists of laissez-faire economics. His work is often seen as foundational to capitalism.
Economists in the Chicago School use highly empirical arguments to reach their conclusions and advocate for deregulated markets and policy focus on money supply.
F.A. Hayek was one of the most prominent economists and philosophers on the side of free-market economics and individualism; his work is often discussed today.
Murray Rothbard’s writings provided a detailed and systematic explanation of politics, society, and economics consistent with libertarian ideas.
British Whigs were early supporters of constitutionalism and later continued to work for a platform of classical liberalism and republicanism.
Cato’s Letters were letters published in 18th cent. Britain, focused on the concept of liberty and questioned tyrannical authority structures.
“A number of areas have emerged from our survey in which further work may produce results which can command a consensus among libertarian philosophers.”
“Locke’s own extensive knowledge of travel literature suggests that he may have edited a major series of voyage literature.”
Tom G. Palmer provides a comprehensive overview of the vast literature on libertarianism, free market economics, and the philosophy of liberty.
A prolific author and Austrian economist, Murray Rothbard promoted a form of free market anarchism he called “anarcho-capitalism.”
Ralph Raico discusses how historians have treated the Industrial Revolution and the rise of Otto von Bismarck and his notorious social insurance programs.