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Neither Lord Nor Subject: Taoist Anarchism

by Bao Jingyan in 300 C.E.

“Servitude and mastery result from the struggle between the strong and the weak…and Blue Heaven has nothing whatsoever to do with it.”

essays

Replacing Rome, Part II: The Visigothic Code

by Anonymous in 642 C.E.

When the Roman Empire collapsed, society persisted and new regimes thrived.  Europe quickly became a patchwork of new and competing socio-political orders.